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Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Rheumatology

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Lambert RGW1, Ƙstergaard M2, Jaremko JL3. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2018 Nov;26(4):599-613. doi: 10.1016/j.mric.2018.06.008.

Abstract

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1 Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Alberta, WMC 2A2.41, 8440 - 112 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2B7, Canada. Electronic address: rlambert@ualberta.ca.

2 Center for Rheumatology and Spine Diseases, Copenhagen Center for Arthritis Research, Center for Rheumatology and Spine Diseases, Rigshospitalet, Valdemar Hansens Vej 1-23, Glostrup 2600, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, Copenhagen 2200, Denmark.

3 Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, University of Alberta, 8440 - 112 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2B7, Canada.

Abstract

Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has traditionally only played a small role in the clinical care of most patients with arthritis. However, with modern therapeutic strategies, early diagnosis is now more important than ever before. Consequently, advanced MRI techniques and applications now play a crucial role in managing an increasing proportion of rheumatology patients. This article reviews MR imaging techniques that are in widespread use and in development for detection and quantification of inflammation and structural damage in arthritis. It focuses on the role of MR imaging for diagnosis, management, and research in inflammatory arthropathies. Osteoarthritis and gout are briefly reviewed.