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A patient-centered gout information value chain: a scoping review

Author

Patient Educ Couns. 2021 Jun 8;S0738-3991(21)00405-5.doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2021.06.007. Online ahead of print.

Maranda J Russell 1Sujin Kim 2Aleksander Lenert 3

Author Information

  1. Department of Communication, College of Communication and Information & Division of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, USA.
  2. Division of Biomedical Informatics, College of Medicine & School of Information Science, College of Communication and Information, University of Kentucky, USA. Electronic address: sujinkim@uky.edu.
  3. Division of Immunology, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, USA.

Abstract

Objective: To examine and identify the scope of research addressing health information requirements for gout patients using value chain analysis.

Methods: Five electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, PsycINFO, Embase, and Scopus) and grey literature (WorldCat) were searched in accordance with a published protocol. Only English language articles were included, with no limitations for date of publication. The findings of the 33 studies included for final analysis were subsequently divided into 6 groups according to the stages of the care delivery value chain their research most closely pertained to: screening/preventing (n = 2), diagnosing (n = 1), preparing (n = 7), intervening (n = 11), recovering/rehabilitating (n = 5), and monitoring/managing (n = 13).

Results: The 33 studies focused on one or more of the following information phenotypes: 1) pathophysiology; 2) medical treatment; and 3) nonpharmaceutical interventions. Long term treatment adherence was a popular topic amongst studies that focused on gout patient education.

Conclusion: Based on the identified studies, gout patients are being told what to do, but are not being adequately educated regarding why recommended interventions are important or how to accomplish them.

Practice implications: This review provides a foundation to develop and evaluate personalized education materials using value chain analysis.