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The safety and effectiveness of bone marrow concentrate injection for knee and hip osteoarthritis: a Canadian cohort

Author

Regen Med. 2021 Jun 30. doi: 10.2217/rme-2021-0001. Online ahead of print.

Robert Burnham 1 2 3Ashley Smith 2 4David Hart 5 6

Author Information

1 Central Alberta Pain & Rehabilitation Institute, Lacombe, AB, Canada.

2 Vivo Cura Health, Calgary, AB, Canada.

3 Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

4 Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

5 Department of Surgery & Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

6 Bone and Joint Health Strategic Clinical Network, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Abstract

Aim: Describe the safety and effectiveness of intra-articular bone marrow concentrate (BMC) injection to treat knee and/or hip osteoarthritis (OA) in a Canadian cohort. Materials & methods: A total of 112 patients with refractory OA received a single intra-articular injection of BMC into their knee(s) and/or hip(s). Pain, disability and quality of life were prospectively assessed prior to and 3, 6 and 12 months post-injection. Results: Outcome scores were significantly improved at all time points post-BMC injection with maximal improvement observed at 3-6 months. Improvements were unrelated to patient age, sex or radiographic OA severity. The complication rate was <2%. Interpretation: In this Canadian cohort, knee/hip OA treated with a single BMC injection resulted in significant improvements in pain, disability and quality of life and a low complication rate.