abstract details

The summaries are free for public use. ARTHROS will continue to add and archive summaries of articles deemed relevant to ARTHROS by our Faculty.

Impact of educational level and employment status on short-term and long-term pain relief from supervised exercise therapy and education: an observational study of 22 588 patients with knee and hip osteoarthritis

Author

BMJ Open. 2021 Apr 14;11(4):e045156.doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-045156.

Marianne Bakke Johnsen 1 2Ewa Roos 3Dorte Thalund Grønne 3Lars Christian Haugli Bråten 4 2Søren Thorgaard Skou 3 5

Author Information

1 Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway m.b.johnsen@medisin.uio.no.

2 Department of Research, Innovation and Education, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

3 Research Unit for Musculoskeletal Function and Physiotherapy, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

4 Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

5 Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Næstved-Slagelse-Ringsted Hospitals, Region Zealand, Denmark.

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the impact of educational level and employment status on change in pain intensity after treatment among patients with knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA).

Design: A prospective cohort study.

Setting and participants: We analysed 22 588 patients participating in the Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D). GLA:D consists of two patient education sessions and 12 supervised exercise sessions.

Primary outcome: Baseline educational level and employment status were used as exposures. We investigated the impact of both exposures separately on mean change in pain intensity (visual analogue scale 0-100 mm) from baseline to immediately after treatment (approximately 3 months) and at 12 months, using linear mixed models.

Results: On average, all patients improved in pain intensity. The average improvement in pain did not differ by educational level, except for one group. Patients with long-term education had less improvement after treatment (2.0 mm, 95% CI 0.8 to 3.1) and at 12 months (2.0 mm, 95% CI 0.6 to 3.4) compared with primary school only (reference). According to employment status, patients on sick leave had the greatest improvement in pain after treatment (-3.4, 95% CI -4.9 to -1.9) and at 12 months (-4.5, 95% CI -6.4 to -2.6) compared with retired patients (reference).

Conclusions: On average, all patients reported improvement in pain at short-term and long-term follow-up. Change in pain intensity did not substantially differ by educational level or employment status, as the absolute differences were small and most likely not clinically important.