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Worldwide, 3-Year, Post-Marketing Surveillance Experience with Tofacitinib in Rheumatoid Arthritis

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Cohen S1, Curtis JR2, DeMasi R3, Chen Y4, Fan H4, Soonasra A5, Fleischmann R1,6. Rheumatol Ther. 2018 Feb 22. doi: 10.1007/s40744-018-0097-3. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

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1 Metroplex Clinical Research Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

2 University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

3 Pfizer Inc, New York, NY, USA.

4 Pfizer Inc, Collegeville, PA, USA.

5 Pfizer Inc, Collegeville, PA, USA. arif.soonasra@pfizer.com.

6 University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Post-marketing surveillance (PMS) is an integral part of monitoring adverse events (AEs) following approval of new drugs. Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). An analysis of PMS reports was conducted to evaluate the safety of tofacitinib in a post-marketing setting.

METHODS: Worldwide tofacitinib PMS data received in the Pfizer safety database from November 6, 2012 (first marketing authorization of tofacitinib) to November 5, 2015 were analyzed. Serious AEs (SAEs) of interest were reviewed and reporting rates (RRs) were calculated by dividing the number of SAEs by the estimated 100 patient-years of exposure. Patient exposure was calculated based on estimated worldwide sales and an estimated daily regimen of tofacitinib 5 mg twice daily.

RESULTS: During the 3-year reporting period, worldwide post-marketing exposure to tofacitinib since approval was estimated to be 34,223 patient-years. In total, 9291 case reports (82.9% non-serious) were received and 25,417 AEs, 102 fatal cases, and 4352 SAEs were reported. The RRs (per 100 patient-years) for SAEs of interest by Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities System Organ Class were 2.57 for infections, 0.91 for gastrointestinal disorders, 0.60 for respiratory disorders, 0.45 for neoplasms, 0.43 for cardiac disorders, and 0.12 for hepatobiliary disorders.

CONCLUSIONS: Although there are limitations to these data, no new safety risks were revealed in this real-world setting compared with the safety profile identified in the tofacitinib RA clinical development program. Any risks identified through the tofacitinib development program and PMS will continue to be monitored through pharmacovigilance surveillance.

FUNDING: Pfizer Inc.