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Improvements in workplace and household productivity with certolizumab pegol treatment in axial spondyloarthritis: results to week 96 of a phase III study

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van der Heijde D1, Braun J2, Rudwaleit M3, Purcaru O4, Kavanaugh AF5. RMD Open. 2018 Apr 9;4(1):e000659. doi: 10.1136/rmdopen-2018-000659. eCollection 2018.

Abstract

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1 Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

2 Rheumazentrum Ruhrgebiet, Herne, Germany.

3 Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, Klinikum Bielefeld Rosenhöhe, Bielefeld, Germany.

4 UCB Pharma, Brussels, Belgium.

5 Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of certolizumab pegol (CZP) on work and household productivity, and on participation in family, social and leisure activities in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), including ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic (nr-) axSpA.

METHODS: RAPID-axSpA (NCT01087762) was a phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to week (Wk) 24, dose-blind to Wk48 and open-label to Wk204. A total of 325 patients were randomised 1:1:1 to placebo, CZP 200 mg Q2W or CZP 400 mg Q4W. The validated arthritis-specific Work Productivity Survey assessed the impact of axSpA on work and household productivity and participation in social activities during the preceding month. Data are shown to Wk96, with responses compared between treatment arms (placebo vs CZP 200 mg and 400 mg dose groups combined) and subpopulations using a non-parametric bootstrap-t method.

RESULTS: At baseline, 63.2% of placebo and 72.0% of CZP patients were employed. By Wk24, CZP patients reported on average 1.0 fewer days of absenteeism and 2.6 fewer days of presenteeism per month, compared with 0.4 and 0.9 fewer days for placebo. At home, by Wk24, CZP patients reported on average 3.0 household work days gained per month versus 1.3 for placebo. CZP patients reported fewer days with reduced household productivity or days lost for social participation. Similar improvements were observed in AS and nr-axSpA subpopulations and improvements with CZP were maintained to Wk96.

CONCLUSIONS: Compared with placebo, treatment with CZP significantly improved work and household productivity and resulted in greater social participation for patients with axSpA, which could lead to considerable indirect cost gains.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01087762.