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Enthesitis and Dactylitis in Psoriatic Disease: A Guide for Dermatologists

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Bagel J1, Schwartzman S2. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2018 Aug 16. doi: 10.1007/s40257-018-0377-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Abstract

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1 Psoriasis Treatment Center of Central New Jersey, 59 One Mile Road Ext. Suite G, East Windsor, NJ, 08520, USA. dreamacres1@aol.com.

2 Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory arthritis that is estimated to affect approximately 30% of patients with psoriasis. Enthesitis and dactylitis, two hallmarks of PsA, are associated with radiographic peripheral/axial joint damage and severe disease. Clinical symptoms of enthesitis include tenderness, soreness, and pain at entheses on palpation, whereas dactylitis is recognized by swelling of an entire digit that is different from adjacent digits. Both ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging can be used to diagnose enthesitis and dactylitis, especially in patients in whom symptoms may be difficult to discern. Delayed treatment of PsA can result in irreversible joint damage and reduced quality of life. Thus, it is recommended that dermatologists monitor patients with psoriasis for these two early and important manifestations of PsA.