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A Prospective, Open-Label Study Evaluating Adjunctive Calcipotriene 0.005%/Betamethasone Dipropionate 0.064% Foam in Psoriasis Patients With Inadequate Response to Biologic Therapy

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Bagel J, Zapata J, Nelson E. J Drugs Dermatol. 2018 Aug 1;17(8):845-850.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness and safety of combining calcipotriene 0.005%/betamethasone dipropionate 0.064% (Cal/BD) foam with biologic therapies for patients with plaque psoriasis who have not obtained an adequate response with biologic therapy.

METHODS: This was a prospective, open-label, single-arm study of patients with chronic plaque-type psoriasis (body surface area [BSA] ≤5%) who were being treated with biologic agents for ≥24 weeks. All patients received once-daily Cal/BD foam for 4 weeks, followed by twice-weekly use on consecutive days for 12 weeks (maintenance regimen). The end points were assessed at weeks 4 and 16, and included the Physician's Global Assessment (PGA), BSA, PGA×BSA, Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), and Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM)-9. Safety evaluations included assessments of local skin reactions and adverse events (AEs).

RESULTS: Enrolled were 25 patients (18 men and 7 women; mean age, 53 ± 11 years). Patients had significant disease activity despite being on stable biologic therapy (median values: BSA, 3%; PGA, 3; PGA×BSA, 8). At weeks 4 and 16 versus baseline, adjunctive therapy with Cal/BD foam significantly improved PGA score (1 vs 1 vs 3; P less than .01), BSA involvement (1% vs 1% vs 3%; P less than .01), and PGA×BSA measure (1 vs 1 vs 8; P less than .01). Most patients achieved treat-to-target criteria for BSA ≤1% and PGA ≤1 at week 4 (both 76%) and week 16 (both 68%) versus 12% and 4%, respectively, at baseline. Quality of life was improved at both weeks 4 and 16, with high treatment satisfaction. Overall, adjunctive Cal/BD foam was safe and well-tolerated, with no serious AEs.

CONCLUSIONS: Adjunctive therapy with Cal/BD foam was associated with an improvement of every measure of disease activity in patients with inadequate response to biologics, an effect that was maintained throughout the study. The majority of patients achieved treat-to-target goals.